In addition to throwing off the body’s homeostasis, excess sugar may result in a number of other significant consequences. The following is a listing of some of sugar’s metabolic consequences from a variety of medical journals and other scientific publications. Each number is footnoted at the end.
1. Sugar can suppress the immune system.
2. Sugar can upset the body’s mineral balance.
3. Sugar can cause hyperactivity, anxiety, concentration difficulties, and crankiness in children.
4. Sugar can cause drowsiness and decreased activity in children.
5. Sugar can adversely affect children’s school grades.
6. Sugar can produce a significant rise in triglycerides.
7. Sugar contributes to a weakened defense against bacterial infection.
8. Sugar can cause kidney damage.
9. Sugar can reduce helpful high-density cholesterol (HDLs).
10. Sugar can promote an elevation of harmful cholesterol (LDLs).
11. Sugar may lead to chromium deficiency.
12. Sugar can cause copper deficiency.
13. Sugar interferes with absorption of calcium and magnesium.
14. Sugar may lead to cancer of the breast, ovaries, prostate, and rectum.
15. Sugar can cause colon cancer, with an increased risk in women.
16. Sugar can be a risk factor in gall bladder cancer.
17. Sugar can increase fasting levels of blood glucose.
18. Sugar can weaken eyesight.
19. Sugar raises the level of a neurotransmitter called serotonin, which can narrow blood vessels.
20. Sugar can cause hypoglycemia.
21. Sugar can produce an acidic stomach.
22. Sugar can raise adrenaline levels in children.
23. Sugar can increase the risk of coronary heart disease.
24. Sugar can speed the aging process, causing wrinkles and gray hair.
25. Sugar can lead to alcoholism.
26. Sugar can promote tooth decay.
27. Sugar can contribute to weight gain and obesity.
28. High intake of sugar increases the risk of Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
29. Sugar can cause a raw, inflamed intestinal tract in persons with gastric or duodenal ulcers.
30. Sugar can cause arthritis.
31. Sugar can cause asthma.
32. Sugar can cause candidiasis (yeast infection).
33. Sugar can lead to the formation of gallstones.
34. Sugar can lead to the formation of kidney stones.
35. Sugar can cause ischemic heart disease.
36. Sugar can cause appendicitis.
37. Sugar can exacerbate the symptoms of multiple sclerosis.
38. Sugar can indirectly cause hemorrhoids.
39. Sugar can cause varicose veins.
40. Sugar can elevate glucose and insulin responses in oral contraception users.
41. Sugar can lead to periodontal disease.
42. Sugar can contribute to osteoporosis.
43. Sugar contributes to saliva acidity.
44. Sugar can cause a decrease in insulin sensitivity.
45. Sugar leads to decreased glucose tolerance.
46. Sugar can decrease growth hormone.
47. Sugar can increase total cholesterol.
48. Sugar can increase systolic blood pressure.
49. Sugar can change the structure of protein causing interference with protein absorption.
50. Sugar causes food allergies.
51. Sugar can contribute to diabetes.
52. Sugar can cause toxemia during pregnancy.
53. Sugar can contribute to eczema in children.
54. Sugar can cause cardiovascular disease.
55. Sugar can impair the structure of DNA.
56. Sugar can cause cataracts.
57. Sugar can cause emphysema.
58. Sugar can cause atherosclerosis.
59. Sugar can cause free radical formation in the bloodstream.
60. Sugar lowers the enzymes’ ability to function.
61. Sugar can cause loss of tissue elasticity and function.
62. Sugar can cause liver cells to divide, increasing the size of the liver.
63. Sugar can increase the amount of fat in the liver.
64. Sugar can increase kidney size and produce pathological changes in the kidney.
65. Sugar can overstress the pancreas, causing damage. 2
66. Sugar can increase the body’s fluid retention.
67. Sugar can cause constipation.
68. Sugar can cause myopia (nearsightedness).
69. Sugar can compromise the lining of the capillaries.
70. Sugar can cause hypertension.
71. Sugar can cause headaches, including migraines.
72. Sugar can cause an increase in delta, alpha and theta brain waves, which can alter the mind’s ability to think clearly.
73. Sugar can cause depression.
74. Sugar can increase insulin responses in those consuming high-sugar diets compared to low sugar diets.
75. Sugar increases bacterial fermentation in the colon.
76. Sugar can cause hormonal imbalance.
77. Sugar can increase blood platelet adhesiveness, which increases risk of blood clots.
78. Sugar increases the risk of Alzheimer Disease.
79. Sugar can increase your risk of getting gout.
80. The ingestion of sugar can increase the levels of glucose in an oral glucose tolerance test over the ingestion of complex carbohydrates.
81 Sugar increases bacterial fermentation in the colon.
82. Sugar increases the risk of colon cancer in women.
83. There is a greater risk for Crohn’s disease with people who have a high intake of sugar.
84. Sugar can cause platelet adhesiveness.
85. Sugar can cause hormonal imbalance.
86. Sugar can lead to the formation of kidney stones.
87. Sugar can lead to the hypothalamus to become highly sensitive to a large variety of stimuli.
88. Sugar can lead to dizziness.
89. High sucrose diet significantly increases serum insulin.
90. High sucrose diets of subjects with peripheral vascular disease significantly increases platelet adhesion.
91. High sugar diet can lead to biliary tract cancer.
92. High sugar diets tend to be lower in antioxidant micro nutrients.
93. High sugar consumption of pregnant adolescents is associated with a twofold-increased risk for delivering a small-for- gestational-age (SGA) infant.
94. High sugar consumption can lead to substantial decrease in gestation duration among adolescents with high sugar diets.
95. Sugar slows food’s travel time through the gastrointestinal tract.
96. Sugar increases the concentration of bile acids in stools and bacterial enzymes in the colon can modify bile to produce cancer-causing compounds and colon cancer.
97. Sugar is associated with a substantial decrease in normal time of gestation among adolescents.
98. Sugar can cause depletion in chromium, which is tied to the development and progression of nearsightedness.
99. Sugar can be a risk factor of gallbladder cancer.
100. Sugar is an addictive substance.
101. Sugar can be intoxicating, similar to alcohol.
102. Sugar can exacerbate PMS.
103. Sugar suppresses lymphocytes.
104. Decrease in sugar can increase emotional stability.
105. The body changes sugar into 2 to 5 times more fat in the bloodstream than it does starch.
106. Sugar can cause inappropriate behavior and decreased performance in children.
107. Sugar can worsen the symptoms of children with attention deficit disorder (ADD).
108. The sugar in chewing gum can cause dental caries.
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11. A. Kozlovsky, et al. “Effects of Diets High in Simple Sugars on Urinary Chromium Losses.” Metabolism 35, June 1986, pp. 515-518. 12. M. Fields, et al. “Effect of Copper Deficiency on Metabolism and Mortality in Rats Fed Sucrose or Starch Diets.” Journal of Clinical Nutrition 113, 1983, pp. 1335-1345. 13 “Sugar and Prostate Cancer.” Health Express, October, 1982, p. 41.
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72. Larry Christensen. “The Role of Caffeine and Sugar in Depression.” The Nutrition Report 9, No. 3, March 1991, pp. 17-24. 73. Ibid. 74. Shelton Reiser, J. Hallfrisch, M. Fields, et al. “Effects of Sugars on Indices on Glucose Tolerance in Humans.” American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 43, 1986, pp. 151-159. 75. W. Kruis, G. Forstraier, C. Scheurlen, and F. Stellaard. “Effects of Diets Low and High in Refined Sugars on Gut Transit, Bile Acid Metabolism and Bacterial Fermentation.” Gut 32, 1991, pp. 367-370. 76. John Yudkin. “Metabolic Changes Induced by Sugar in Relation to Coronary Heart Disease and Diabetes.” Nutrition and Health 5, No.1-2, 1987, pp. 5-8. 77. Ibid. 6
78.Craft S , Newcomer J , Kanne S , Dagogo-Jack S , Cryer P , Sheline Y , Luby J , Dagogo-Jack A, Alderson A Memory improvement following induced hyperinsulinemia in Alzheimer’s disease. Department of Psychology, Washington University, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA. Neurobiol Aging 1996 Jan-Feb;17(1):123-30
74. Christensen, Larry, “The Role of Caffeine and Sugar in Depression,” THE NUTRITION REPORT 9 NO. 3 (March 1991): 17,24. 75. Ibid. 76. Cornee, J. et al., “A Case-control Study of Gastric Cancer and Nutritional Factors in Marseille, France,” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY 11, (1995): 55-65. JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY 11, (1995): 55-65. 77. Yudkin, J. SWEET AND DANGEROUS. New York: Bantam Books, (1974): 129 78. Yudkin, John, SWEET AND DANGEROUS. New York: Bantam Books, (1974): 141 79. Reiser, Shelton, Hallfrisch J, Fields M, et al., Effects of Sugars on Indices on Glucose Tolerance in Humans,”AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION 43 (1986): 151-159. 80. Ibid. 81. Kruis, W., Forstraier, G., Scheurlen C., and Stellaard F., “Effects of Diets Low and High in Refined Sugars on Gut Transit, Bile Acid Metabolism and Bacterial Fermentation, GUT 32 (1991): 367-370. 82. Bostick R. M., Potter, J. D., Kushi L. H., et al, “Sugar Meat, and Fat Intake, and Non-dietary Risk Factors for Colon Cancer Incidence in Iowa Women,” CANCER CAUSES AND CONTROL 5 (1994):38-52. 83. Persson B. G., Ahlbom, A., and Hellers, G., EPIDEMIOLOGY 3n no.1 (1992): 47-51. 84. Yudkin, John, “Metabolic Changes Induced by Sugar in Relation to Coronary Heart Disease and Diabetes,” NUTRITION AND HEALTH 5, no. 1-2 (1987): 5-8. 85. Ibid. 86. Blacklock, N. J., “Sucrose and Idiopathic Renal Stone,” NUTRITION AND HEALTH 5, no. 1-2 (1987): 9-17. Curhan, Gary et al, “Beverage Use and Risk for kidney Stones in Women, ANNALS OF INTERNAL MEDICINE, 1998, 128: 534-340. 87. JOURNAL OF ADVANCED MEDICINE, 1994 7(1): 51-58 88. Ibid 89. Ibid 90. POSTGRADUATE MEDICINE ,Sept 1969: 45(527):602-07. 91. Moerman, Clara J. etc., INTERNAL JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY April 1993:22(2)207-214. 92. Ibid. 93. JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 1997; 127: 1113-1117. 94. Ibid. 95. R. M. Bostick, J. T. Potter, et al. “Sugar, Meat and Fat Intake, and Non-Dietary risk factors for Colon Cancer Incidence in Iowa Women.” CANCER CAUSES CONTROL, 5, 38-53, 1994. 96. Ibid. 97. JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 127, 1997; 1113-1117. 98. Ibid. 99. Moerman, Clara et al.,”Dietary Sugar Intake in the Etiology of Biliary Tract Cancer,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF EPIDEMIOLOGY 22 no. 2 (1993): 207-214. 100. “Sugar, white floor Withdrawal Produces Chemical Response,” THE ADDICTION LETTER (July 1992):4. 101. Ibid. 102. THE EDELL HEALTH LETTER Sept ’91; 10:7(1) 103. Bernstein, J, et. al, “Depression of Lymphosyte Transformation Following Oral Glucose Ingestion.” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 30, 613, 1977. 104. JOURNAL OF ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY No. 85,1985. 105. NUTRITIONAL HEALTH REVIEW, Fall 85 106. JOURNAL OF ABNORMAL CHILD PSYCHOLOGY, 12/86, Vol. 14, No. 4: (567-577). 107. PEDIATRICS RESEARCH 38, 4, (1995): 539-542. 108. Makinen KK; Hujoel PP; Bennett CA; Isokangas P; Isotupa K; Pape HR Jr; M?akinen PL, “A Descriptive Report of the Effects of a 16-month Xylitol Chewing-gum Programme Subsequent to a 40-month Sucrose Gum Programme.” CARIES RES, 32(2):107-12 1998 The list was contributed by Nancy Appleton, Ph.D. who has a web site at www.nancyappleton.com She is also the author of the book Lick The Sugar Habit